Research: Corporate Social Responsibility For Tea Plantations In India: A Gandhian Perspective

The purpose of the contemplated research is to examine how Gandhian principles can shape the business practices of tea corporations for greater impact on the lives and working conditions of tea plantation workers in India. Gandhian principles allow organizations to develop business processes that are based on mindful consumption, sustainable utilization of natural resources, sustainable livelihoods, and equitable distribution of wealth; thereby, directing business leaders to pursue a corporate social responsibility strategy of not only doing good, but also of being good (Diwan, 1982).

Research: Teentrepreneurship: A New Entrepreneurship Framework For At-Risk Teenagers in South Africa

South African youth are facing an employment crisis. The deficient national education system and lack of skills development are two of the major issues which are contributing to a high youth unemployment rate. The at-risk teenager communities are predominantly living in poverty amidst various other social ills. The positive impact that entrepreneurship may have on communities is significant, hence the suggestion that entrepreneurial intervention at an early age can enhance the socio-economic empowerment of teenagers.

Research: The Interplay Between Natural Resources And Economic Development: Evidence Of The Nascent Ugandan Petroleum Industry

Countries in Africa have generally exhibited low levels of economic development and poor standards of living of citizens despite their enormous natural resources wealth (Atkinson & Hamilton, 2003). This tendency has been attributed to daunting challenges related to the exploitation of especially Africa’s extractive natural resources (Seedwell & Gladys, 2017). One of the significant issues is that the benefits accruing from exploitation of the Continent’s natural resources often do not flow through to the populace (Ayuk & Klege, 2017). However, the evidence presented in the literature on whether or not there exists a possible link between natural resources and economic development are mixed or inconclusive

Research: Sustainable Anti-Poverty Strategies In The Context of Family Complexity: An Investigation of Northern Nigeria

Poverty and poverty reduction are prominent topics of discussion at international development meetings. Despite the existence of both private and public initiatives to combat it, over 1 billion people still live in extreme poverty, about half of whom are in sub-Saharan African countries (MDG, 2015). Poverty Global Practice, a poverty policy monitoring and evaluation unit of the World Bank, indicates that, for countries in Africa, poverty continues to rise because anti-poverty policies fail to reduce poverty (PGP, 2016), a view shared by the literature on poverty reduction in Africa (Dagusta, 2007; McCloskey, 2015). It has been suggested that more comprehensive and coordinated methods could help anti-poverty programmes overcome some of the major challenges to alleviating global poverty (Ravallion, 2016). In line with this suggestion, the proposed research examines the potential of sustainable anti-poverty strategies through the triangulation of three research domains: multidimensional poverty, family functioning, and social justice theories. The contemplated research attempts to construct a new conceptual framework that better integrates theory with praxis to explain the impact of poverty and, thus, develop a sustainable model for anti-poverty policies for sub-Saharan African countries with particular focus on the family as complexities of poverty.

Research: Entrepreneurship Development Centres In Nigerian Polytechnics: A Case Study Of Youth Development

Youth unemployment is a global phenomenon that presents a threat to world peace (Cray et al., 2011). In 2014 the unemployment rate in Nigeria for youth averaged 17.5% (WB, 2016). In 2006, in response to the problem of youth unemployment, the Nigerian government mandated that all polytechnics in the federation establish the CED to impart entrepreneurship skills and knowledge to students for self-reliance. Entrepreneurship is considered a pivotal element of economic growth and development; and through the creation of SMEs, employment opportunities are created (Chidiebere, Iloanya, & Udunze, 2014). The contemplated research will examine measures through the analysis of theories on entrepreneurship, peace, social justice, poverty reduction and Austrian economics. A new conceptual model or framework that better integrates theory with praxis will be constructed. The research will investigate the effectiveness of entrepreneurship development centres in Nigerian polytechnics, specifically, their potential to reduce youth unemployment rates in the country.