Dissertation: The Relationship Between Global Corporate Culture and Negotiation Practices: A Study of the Reinsurance Industry

It is posited that, reinsurance underwriting provides a unique, complex, international and negotiation rich environment, with underwriters providing the main source of revenue for reinsurance companies. The ability to underwrite and sign attractive, targeted business, stems from the individual competency of underwriters to successfully negotiate and further secure favourable terms, to at least some extent. Consequently, it is important to fully understand how the cultural context impacts and/or relates to underwriter transactional negotiations, given that CC largely establishes the rules and knowledge about how employees may or may not negotiate within their respective companies. The present research aims to bridge current gaps between CC and negotiation research and facilitate further clarification of the perceived relationship(s) between global company CC and negotiation constructs, using the reinsurance underwriting context.

Dissertation: Socially Responsible Digital Leadership: A Framework For Digital Organizations

Digital innovation that disrupted various industries has characterized the start of the 21st-century. The reliance on digital technology is exacerbated by the impact and influence of a plethora of applications that are used daily by billions of users. The digital agenda involves digital organizations that influence individuals, and importantly, the collective unit of individuals are influenced in society through digital technologies. The level of interdependencies and integration for the new work environment requires leadership in the digital era to develop and create long-term deliverables by challenging current leadership theories and models in the context of Digital Social Disequilibrium.

Research: Privatization Of The Energy Industry: An Examination Of The Nigerian Power Sector

Effective private-public partnerships are considered to be very important in resolving universal access to electricity and in the achievement of sustainable energy development (UN-Energy, 2012). Power outages cost Nigeria approximately three percent of its GDP every year and at an optimal power generation of 13,000 MW, Nigeria loses US$80 billion per annum in GDP (ADF, 2013; David-West, 2014). As a result, the power sector was privatized by the Federal Government but has so far yielded negative outcomes (Heddenhausen, 2007). It is believed that the situation can be reversed by the development and implementation of a framework that exploits the strengths of both the private and public sectors in the electricity industry. The contemplated research examines the above through an analysis of theories on corruption, social justice and equity and development. An attempt to construct a new conceptual model or framework that better explains the characteristics of the relationship between private and public sectors in the Nigerian power sector is the ultimate goal of the contemplated research. In particular, the contemplated research will examine these characteristics through a triangulated research approach including: a literature review, content analysis of government policy and electricity supply data, and the interviewing of selected individuals from the industry, government, public administration and the community.

Research: The Effect Of Exchange Rate Policy, Oil Shocks And Income Tax On GCC Economies

As of 2015, the total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the GCC Region was $1.74 billion. Between them, these six countries hold close to 40% of the world’s oil reserves in its land––the largest in the world with 486.8 billion barrels––and 22% of the world’s proven gas reserves (GCC, 2015). However, the current risk to the outlook of the economy in the region is a decline in oil prices whereby external oil shocks could severely impact the macro economy. Based on a study of GCC 2020 conducted by The Economist (2010), the GCC countries depend largely on the production and export of oil, which is roughly 40% of the region’s GDP. However, expectations indicate the depletion of most reserves of oil within 25 years, which pushes these countries to work on diversifying their economies. Exchange rate management in the GCC has been a significant concern for both economic and political research. Thus, the consideration of exchange rate regimes became a controversial issue for policy makers especially those in the GCC. The US represents only 7% of the region’s total trade, which makes the benefit of pegging to the USD economically questionable. Based on the need of adjusting monetary policies according to the needs of the domestic economies of the GCC, especially during high inflation periods and external oil shocks periods, the contemplated research will seek to recommend a more suitable exchange rate policy that best benefits these economies. Moreover, using empirical findings, the contemplated research will identify a specific taxation policy that can help GCC governments diversify their income so that it is not so highly dependent on oil revenues.

Dissertation: Toll Road Concessioning System in South Africa

Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) have emerged as one of the major approaches for delivering infrastructure projects in recent years (Kwak, Chih, & Ibbs, 2009). Akintoye, Beck, & Hardcastle (2003) define PPPs as a long-term contractual arrangement between a public sector agency and a private sector concern, whereby resources and risk are shared for the benefit purpose of developing a public facility. The principal aim of a PPP for the public sector is to achieve value for money in the services provided while ensuring that the private sector entities meet their contractual obligations properly and efficiently (Grimsey & Lewis, 2002). South Africa has the greatest cumulative experience of public-private partnerships in Africa, with over 50 such partnerships in development or implementation at national or provincial level, and 300 projects at municipal level, since 1994 (Farlam, 2005). To date three national routes have been concessioned to private companies and the national roads agency intends to concession others on its network (SANRAL, 2012). Concessioning is becoming a key trend with regard to the provision of infrastructure in South Africa, as evidenced by the increasing number of toll road concessions. For bidders to have a possibility of winning a concession, a thorough understanding of the factors affecting the award of toll road concessions is necessary. This qualitative study analyses the characteristics of a new conceptual model that explains the influences on the evaluation and selection of concessionaires for PPP road projects in South Africa.

Dissertation: A Framework Of Leadership Based On Ludwig Von Mises’ Theory Of Purposeful Human Action

Mises may be considered one of the most well-known scholars of the Austrian School of Economics, which had been founded by Carl Menger based on his theory of choice: the Subjective Theory of Value (STV). (P. J. Boettke, 2010, bk. xi) Mises elaborated and expanded upon the STV as a foundation for his Praxeology, or theory of purposeful human action. Its aim was to understand economic activity as a process of choice or exchange under uncertainty based on a research method of a priori theorizing and methodological individualism. However, Praxeology was also a basis for understanding social science in general, even if no significant attempts have been made in such a direction. Accordingly, this work represents an effort to bring the STV and its associated focus on human choice or exchange to the field of leadership theory through the methodology of Praxeology.

Dissertation: A System Analysis Approach to Analyze and Develop ERP Systems

Modern manufacturing applies Lean Manufacturing Systems, also known as the Toyota Production System (TPS), to reduce waste and increase efficiency. Organizations are often forced to implement their Lean manufacturing independently of their Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system due to their conflicting philosophies and therefore finding themselves administrating two independent systems. The relevance of this research is to examine and discover the differences between the Lean principles and ERP applied principles when designing, developing and implementing enterprise systems in organizations. Furthermore, the research will attempt to propose a conceptual framework that can reconcile these differences and bridge the gap between the two system philosophies.

DIssertation: Recursive Organizational Dynamics: A Novel Approach To Organization Design

It is ironic that while the vagaries of legal history granted corporations all the rights and privileges of real flesh-and-blood citizens, they are still frequently organized around the mechanistic command-and-control structures in vogue a century ago (Wheatley, 2006). And while the public becomes ever more enraged by the seemingly cynical abuses of a corporate elite hiding behind these assumed rights, it is clear that in a fluid, globalized economy, such rigid and outmoded organizational structures are inadequate in the area that is truly the corporate domain, i.e. the marketplace (Senge P. M., 1999; Capra, 2010). In order to address the suggested operational shortcomings of the modern company, there is a growing cadre of researchers and consultants who have realized that the body corporate is better described by a more organic model of organization. These researchers include Margaret Wheatley, Peter Senge, and Arie De Geus. In order to illuminate new approaches these authors show repeated allusions and allegories to biological systems and even comparisons to the strange world of quantum mechanics. In these modern perspectives, instead of a Newtonian production-oriented collection of individuals and discrete events, the corporation is viewed as an energetic creation-oriented web of relationships (Senge P. M., 1999; Wheatley, 2006; Wolfe, 2011). This is the concept of a living organization, where ‘living’ refers to the way it communicates, evolves and creates, and not to its legal status with respect to the legislative apparatus. The presented research introduces a novel method of rational and consistent explanation for how the complex web of organizational relationships follow, and can be characterized by, the underlying mechanisms responsible for the orderly functioning of the natural world. A formal model is presented that connects the concepts of organic organization with a structured means of design.

Dissertation: The Effect of Intellectual Assets and Intellectual Liabilities Disclosure on Financial Performance

Review of the literature of Intellectual Capital has led to the development of several pertinent questions; these questions revolve around the different correlation schemes that link Intellectual Capital disclosure, Intellectual Assets and Intellectual Liabilities, to Firm Financial Performance. Also examined are questions of how Intellectual Capital components are disclosed in the annual reports of publicly listed companies within the UAE, and how they link to Firm Financial Performance. Empirical evidence of the domain does not consistently support measurement and disclosure theory and the results found appear to be contradictory (Andriessen, 2004; Phusavat et al., 2011). To the best knowledge of the author, it is believed that detailed research focused on testing the interactive effects of the disclosure of Intellectual Capital elements on Firm Financial Performance in publicly listed companies in the UAE has yet to be completed. Moreover, the primary aim of the research is to develop a new conceptual framework that addresses the underlying relationships between Intellectual Capital disclosure and Firm Financial Performance thus filling in the existing gap of knowledge and providing further illumination of the study domain. Moreover, by incorporating Intellectual Liabilities in the framework, this research brings a more refined, theoretically and empirically based conceptualization of Intellectual Capital than has been previously been provided, aiding in the development of a more robust theory of Intellectual Capital disclosure and its correlation with Firm Financial Performance.

Dissertation: The Emergency Medical System Services: A Praxis Exploration of Leadership in Prehospital Care Environments

Injury is one of the primary causes of death and morbidity throughout the world (WHO, 2005). There are approximately 5 million deaths each year due to injury and also millions of people who are temporarily or permanently disabled worldwide (WHO, 2005). Compounding this is the unfortunate fact that “most of the world’s population does not have access to prehospital trauma care” (WHO, 2005, p. 8). The Emergency Medical System (EMS) has placed great importance, within their future vision, on the analysis and examination of “Leadership Support” and “Personnel Development” to ensure leadership capacity through their existing EMS leaders. Consequently, how do the corporate concepts of leadership transfer and apply to EMS critical care situations and their designated leaders? Research of this particular focus does not appear to have been completed within Emergency Medical Systems. As a result, the important question that requires research is how do the various corporate theories apply directly to the leadership role assumed by various EMS personnel? The antecedents, precursors and possible explanations of this questions are critically examined within the research. The scope of the research provides an opportunity to contribute to a broader perspective of knowledge in the fields of general and corporate leadership. The research integrates the historical work of great thinkers and other significant influences alongside the relevant literature on leadership/management theories to fill and bridge the gaps between theory and praxis. Furthermore, with a review of the historical to modern day elements of leadership theories and practices the research sets out to develop an understanding of EMS upper level management leadership beliefs, typologies and influences on the leader-follower relationships within prehospital care environments.